Of course, if you just seasick, the nausea do not need to treated. But if you feel sick for no apparent reason and regularly, it is an occasion to consult a doctor.
Gastritisand peptic ulcer disease
SIGNS. Nausea worse after eating, as well as distension or heaviness in abdomen, heartburn. Pain or burning feeling in the upper abdomen, fasting and after eating.
WHAT TO DO. Gastroscopy, general and biochemical blood tests, as well as a test for antibodies to the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which causes ulcers. You will also need ultrasound of the abdomen. For you may be assigned antibiotics. In any case will change the style food - not to get involved sharp, oily and other non-dietary food.
SIGNS. Starts already nauseated during the meal, there is a feeling of fullness. Aching closer to the right upper quadrant. Bitter or metallic taste in the mouth, heartburn, flatulence.
WHAT TO DO. First, ultrasound, and then depending on the diagnosis: it can be a gallbladder dyskinesia, the presence of a stone, cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder). At the same time it is desirable to check the liver - these bodies interact closely. Treatment - from antibiotics to surgery to remove the gallbladder.
SIGNS. Sick after eating, the stomach swells. Appears dull aching pain in the right upper quadrant, the sense of bitterness in the mouth. The disorder of the intestine, possible weight loss.
WHAT TO DO. Refer to a gastroenterologist, a blood test for sugar (possible diabetes type 2). To be ultrasound of the abdomen, blood and feces. Doctor will prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, and most importantly, dietary split meals.
SIGNS. Nausea is not related to food, it can go to the vomiting. Undifferentiated first pain at the top of the abdomen, and then concentrated on the right part of the abdomen, often below. Perhaps the rise in temperature to 37-38.
WHAT TO DO. Urgent call an ambulance. Painkillers do not take, so as not to hinder the diagnosis. Will be an abdominal ultrasound, blood tests (increased white blood cells) and operations. Procrastination is fraught with peritonitis.
Intestinal infections, poisoning
SIGNS. After some time after eating nausea increases and almost always ends with vomiting. Weakness, headache, and pain in upper abdomen in the navel. Sometimes the temperature rises to 37-390. With time is joined by diarrhea.
WHAT TO DO. If you suspect what exactly were poisoned, and it was not more than 2 hours, drink 2-3 sips a glass of warm water and induce vomiting. Then start replenish lost fluids (water, light tea, juice). You can take 2-4 tablets of activated charcoal. If vomiting does not stop, appeared bile, dizzy, better call an ambulance - it can be a serious infection such as salmonellosis.
Problemswith thevestibular apparatus
SIGNS. Nausea and dizziness occur suddenly when you change the position of the body and head (for example, turn over on his side in bed, get up sharply). Additional symptoms: loss of balance, ringing in the ears, or nystagmus (when tracking for a subject's, eyes can not linger on it).
WHAT TO DO. Consult to the otolaryngologist and neurologist. It can be a defeat of auditory or vestibular system - such as Meniere's disease. It's quite unpleasant, but not dangerous and can be successfully treated.
SIGNS. Nauseated during the day, especially in the morning. You will quickly get tired, often hurts or head is turned, in the morning face a little edematous, sometimes flushed.
WHAT TO DO. Going to a therapist or a cardiologist, to measure pressure, after five minutes of rest. Most likely, the doctor will prescribe drugs that need to be taken continuously.
Infarction, heart failure
SIGNS. Persistent nausea, sometimes vomiting. Increasing pain in the upper abdomen in the stomach. Are possible hiccups, the feeling of stuffiness, pallor.
WHAT TO DO. More correct will be call an ambulance or to go to a cardiologist immediately and ask for a control ECG. Especially if you are over 45-50 years old, you have just experienced physical or emotional strain or recently complained about discomfort in the heart and pain radiating to the left arm, lower jaw.
SIGNS. Nausea slight but constant. Appetite is reduced, but you became much stouter. Anemia, fatigue, daytime sleepiness, forgetfulness, chill in the heat.
WHAT TO DO. Check the thyroid: a blood test for hormone levels of TSH, T4, T3. If the indicators do not normally - go to an endocrinologist.
Inflammatory process in kidneys
SIGNS. Nausea is not related to food, temperature up to 38-40, and sometimes vomiting. Pain aching, dull or paroxysmal in the lumbar spine (less often in the abdomen), chills. Possible violation of urination.
WHAT TO DO. Consulting of a therapist, nephrologist, urologist. At the acute symptoms better call an ambulance. You will pass general and special analyzes of urine, general and biochemical blood tests, ultrasound of the kidneys and other organs of the urinary system. It needs diet, course of drugs, including antibiotics, if the inflammation is caused by an infection. Sometimes is necessary a surgery.
Other possible causes of nausea:
Side effects of drugs. Maybe guiltily any medicine, but more often than others - non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, iron preparations.
Pregnancy. As a rule, nausea recedes after 12-13 weeks.
Migraine. To reduce the attack, will help silence, darkness and the drug of the discharge of triptans, which must appoint a neurologist.
Concussion. If nausea persists or worsens, joins persistent dizziness - call an ambulance.
Meningitis. If the sick hard, have a vomiting, the temperature rose to 38-40, appeared photophobia, occipital muscles are strained, as soon as possible, call an ambulance.