Speech Pathology / Therapy - branch of special pedagogy, a task which the study speech pathology, the development of principles and methods for their prevention and treatment. more
Disadvantages of speech can arise not only in people with hearing loss, but with normal. Speech therapy is exploring these anomalies, and explores the nature of these disorders, develops scientific bases that contribute to overcome them and Prevention by using a special training and indoctrination.
Causes of speech pathology in people with normal hearing can be associated with stroke, trauma, hereditary factors, age imperfections, physical disabilities, etc.
Examples of deficiencies Speech:
• Violation of pronunciation sounds; • speech impediment caused by physical disabilities: cleft lip and palate, and the like; • Slurred speech; • Disturbances in the pronunciation of complex syllabic structures; • Violation of the rhythm and tempo of speech; • The collapse of the speech; • Violations of written speech and others.
In addition to these violations, there are deviations that lead to stuttering, breach of means of communication (phonetic and phonemic underdevelopment, general underdevelopment of speech).
Speech Therapy helps to eliminate the pronunciation defects to acquire the sound structure of words, promotes to lexical and grammatical development, the development of written language. In its activities, it has resort to the development in the field of psychology, physiology, linguistics, medicine, etc. Speech therapy directs its studies on receptor activity, cognitive processes, emotional and volitional area, etc.
Violations of speech in speech therapy are eliminated by special education, correctional and educational measures, medical recommendations. Specialists work in day care centers, clinics, special schools, etc.
Thanks to speech therapy, deepens understanding of the issues speech pathology, speech pedagogy, general psychology. It helps eliminate the shortcomings in the speech and to help people to better adapt to society.