Orthopedic Surgery (Orthopaedics) - is the section Surgery, dealing with operative treatment of damage of muscular and bone system - bones, joints and ligaments. more
A wide range of operations, including:
surgery to replace the hip and knee joints;
treatment of sports injuries;
hand surgery (bone fractures, damage to tendons, ligaments and nerves);
surgery on the foot and ankle, on the palm and elbow;
operations at damage of rotator cuff shoulder;
treatment of bursitis, tendinitis, shoulder instability;
congenital diseases the musculoskeletal system (congenital malformations of the limbs, deformities of the neck, chest);
joint diseases, the most common - a deforming arthrosis;
degenerative diseases of the spine - osteochondrosis;
tumor bone system.
Another area of orthopedic surgery is a group of of diseases of cartilage tissue - osteochondropathy. With this pathology is observed necrosis of the cartilage in this or that area. Among the diseases can be identified such illness as Calve-Perthes disease, Osgood-Schlatter syndrome and many others.
Another direction of Orthopedic Surgery, corresponding a modern requirements of the Aesthetic Plastic Surgery is the elongation of the lower limbs.
Diagnosis and treatment
The methods of diagnosis in orthopedics include ultrasound examination, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, the introduction of endoscopic technology in the diagnosis of diseases of the joints.
Types of surgical intervention in Orthopedics
Arthroscopic surgery - at a partial or complete meniscal tears of the knee joint, arthroscopy of the shoulder and hip joint, joints of the hand, as well as treatment of ligament ruptures, and their reconstruction;
Joint Replacement - Replacement of the hip and knee joints in connection with congenital diseases, or atrophy, Replacement of elbow joints;
Individual knee joint replacement - improves the functioning, increases range of motion, facilitates the recovery process and minimizes the possible complications and bleeding;
Spinal surgery - includes both a number of non-invasive measures, so and surgical intervention;
Hand Surgery - Operations by narrowing of carpal tunnel, correction tendons in fractures of the hands;
Foot surgery - treatment of osteoarthritis, Osteotomies, correct deformities of the foot, the ingrown nail, diabetic foot syndrome, etc.
Non-surgical methods of treatment - curative intra-articular injections, spinal cord stimulation, analgesic radiotherapy, neuroleptics treatments, and other.