Determining the state of fitness of an athlete

Determining the state of fitness of an athlete

| |  Sports Medicine

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Actual aspects of modern sports medicine is preventive aim to increase the level of the functional state of the organism (FSO), which is the physiological basis of physical and mental well-being. Participation of physician in determining the state of fitness is only in determining the functional state level, which is though an important part of physical fitness, but not the only one.

The term functional state is increasingly used in the assessment of any particular biological system of the body. From the point of view vital functions of the whole organism it is believed that along with the functional state of its parts there is a category of the functional state of the organism as a whole.

In order to assess the general condition of the body athletes, there are many tests that are based on an analysis of indicators of the cardio-pulmonary system under the influence of significant physical activity. This testing has many disadvantages:

  • Complete testing takes 2 days, before which should be a day of rest;
  • Violated habitual plan of preparation for a competition;
  • Is carried out at the beginning and end of the sports season and during competition breaks;
  • It does not detect acute and chronic diseases;
  • Not carried out during or after an illness or injury;
  • Each sport has its own stress tests;
  • Limitation of age (15-40 years).

Athletes and coaches is essential to have objective information about the FSO level in any period of annual training-competitive cycle, but especially just before a competition. That is, there is an urgent need for such an assessment FSO technology, which would exclude the above-mentioned disadvantages.

Criteria for an ideal evaluating FSO in athletes:

  • Being an integrated (systemic, simultaneous, multi-functional);
  • Reflect the adaptive capacity of the body (functional reserve);
  • To form an unambiguous conclusion about the level of the FSO;
  • Being a universal (for any sport);
  • Conducted in any period of the annual cycle and take a short time;
  • Do not have contraindications when illness or injury;
  • To identify acute and chronic diseases;
  • Do not have an age limit.

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    CardioFlex Therapy

    This is is a very good article. Although functional status is important, it doesn't count for everything. However, functional level is something that all athletes need to focus on, and is definitely part of the larger picture.