Urological Surgery represents a set of surgical treatments that are used to treat a variety of diseases of the genitourinary system. Urological operations are primarily used for the surgical treatment of the blockade, dysfunction, removal of malignant tumors and inflammatory diseases of the urinary system. more
Urological Surgery include:
Surgery on the kidneys;
Surgery ureters, ureterolithotomy or removal of ureteral stones;
Removal of pelvic lymph nodes;
Prostate surgery, removal of the prostate;
Surgery on the urethra;
Surgery on the scrotum;
Surgery on the penis.
The most common indications for urological surgery include congenital abnormalities and the effects of trauma genitourinary system, tumors and cysts of urogenital organs, prostate adenoma, ureteral stricture, urolithiasis, sexual dysfunction, varicocele (varicose veins of the spermatic cord), infection and cancer.
Also common operations in urological surgery is reconstructive and plastic surgery on the penis in men. This operations such as:
Lengthening the penis;
Reconstruction of the bridle;
Removal of foreign bodies from the penis;
Electroresection of condylomas penis and other.
Methods of treatment in Urological Surgery
Endoscopy is used at transurethral resection. Endoscopy allows to perform any intervention in the pathology of the urethra, bladder, ureters: the removal of tumors, cysts, papillomas, stones in urolithiasis and others.
Laparoscopic surgery - using small incisions-punctures required for the introduction of the trocar. Progress of operation is usually controlled by a special video camera that transmits information to the monitor. Laparoscopic operations are the endosurgical method of treatment.
Retroperitoneoscopic surgery - it is based on the introduction of endoscopic instruments through small incisions in the lumbar region. The possible at the following: removal of the kidney, resection of cysts and tumors, removal of stones from the kidney and ureter, fistulization, and more.
Microsurgical technique - often used in cases of operations to restore the integrity of the body or its replacement on the graft. In order to restore a multiple petty nerves and blood vessels is performed a microsurgical intervention, using miniature microscopes and instruments.
Cryosurgery - is the use of extremely low temperatures for medicinal purposes. By using cryosurgical method are treated the malignancies. This technique prevents the insemination by cancer cells, is less traumatic treatment, accompanied by a small blood loss.