Podiatry - This branch of medicine dealing the treatment foot problems. This area combined a few other branches of medicine: orthopedics, traumatology, vascular and neurosurgery. more
It is a science about the problems of the foot, lower limb, pelvis and vertebral column, as well as the relationships of the foot and body.
The main task of the Podiatry lies in early detection and correction of deviations feet and lower limbs. Among the most urgent directions of science today is worth to highlight the problem associated with the diabetic foot syndrome.
Diseases in Podiatry
Among the diseases that relate to the field of Podiatry: congenital deformities of the bone structure of the foot: flat foot, valgus deformity of the big toe, hammer toe deformity, plantar fasciitis.
Among the diseases of neurosurgical field: compression syndromes. They are associated with compression of nerves in the foot. Is first of all, tarsal tunnel syndrome. Other diseases of the foot, in which the suffers nerve tissue - it is Morton's neuroma.
One serious problem in podiatry is the diabetic foot syndrome. This disease is directly related to diabetes. The fact is that in diabetes observed angiopathy and neuropathy. This means vascular lesion of the lower extremities, which leads ultimately to gangrene the tissues of the foot, and most of all - his fingers.
The problem of ingrown nail - change in which the outer or inner edge of the nail plate on one toe begins to grow into the nail shaft portion. Ingrown nail, the symptoms of which are common, can occur at any age.
When valgus deformity of the big toe occurs a deviation of the thumb from midline of the body in the direction opposite the other fingers. Thus, there is a bulging of the bone and there is a "bump» (Hallux valgus).
Heel spurs, plantar fasciitis - overgrowth of an awl-shaped on the surface of of the calcaneus, accompanied by an inflammatory process and a pain when walking.
Podiatry includes operational methods, ranging from classical to minimally invasive, is the use of laser, radiofrequency surgery, and drug therapy.
An indispensable condition for the treatment of many diseases of the foot and is a methods of physiotherapy. Of Separate treatment requires the diabetic foot, since it is very important not only local treatment, and therapy of diabetes.
Among the diagnostic methods of diseases of the foot in is most commonly used conventional radiography and ultrasound examination.