Phlebology - medical discipline, the sphere of activity which is the study of the anatomy of the veins, normal and pathological physiology of venous outflow, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of various acute and chronic diseases of the veins. more
Consultation the Phlebologist may be required when the following symptoms: a feeling of heaviness in the legs, the rapid onset of fatigue when walking or standing, seizures, tingling, burning, and other unusual sensations. From visually noticeable symptoms - an edema, swollen veins and expanded vessels.
Varicose veins, thrombosis, post-thrombotic disease, trophic ulcers; And also more and rare diseases: Paget's syndrome-Shrettera, angiodysplasia, phlebopathy, lymphedema, chronic venous insufficiency.
Varicose veins - a condition in which the wall of the saphenous veins loses its elasticity. As a result, blood vessels are stretched, on stretches thereof are formed a knotted extensions.
Contributing factors to the varicose disease can be: hereditary, a wrong way of life, "standing" work, lack of exercise, a significant exercise and overweight.
Modern treatment of varicose veins - a comprehensive application of the most effective and science-based techniques aimed at disabling of damaged venous vessels and creating conditions for the normalization of venous blood flow in the legs.
The main methods of treatment of varicose veins is sclerotherapy, surgery, laser surgery, elastic compression and pharmacotherapy. To obtain excellent cosmetic results can be used technique of thermocoagulation.
Complications of varicose veins include thrombosis and thrombophlebitis, trophic disorders and trophic ulcers, bleeding from varices. These diseases are characterized by the following features:
change in color of the skin, usually in the legs;
redness or darkening;
expressed edemas on the tibia, and sometimes on the thighs;
severe pain in the calves, amplifying at walking;
tenderness to palpation of veins;
thickening of the skin and the formation of ulcers on the lower leg.
Venous thrombosis - an acute disease in which in the lumen of the veins are formed a blood clot - thrombus overlying the blood flow on this vessel. Venous thrombosis - a rather serious complication of varicose veins, worsens the prognosis of the disease and treatment. The main cause of this disease is a untimely visit to a doctor or a gross violation of medical recommendations.
Thrombophlebitis - inflammation and thrombosis of superficial veins. It generally develops in the case of untimely treatment to the doctor, or if non-compliance with its recommendations, often require immediate surgery.
Trophic disorders, sores - the inevitable outcome of varicose veins in the absence of treatment. As a result of violation of tissue nutrition and inflammatory process develops sealing subcutaneous tissue, thinning and darkening of the skin, followed by the formation of trophic ulcers.
Bleeding from varices - a rather serious and sometimes life-threatening complication of varicose veins. Over the long existing varicose veins the skin becomes thinner and the slightest injury can lead to bleeding.
When choosing a method of treatment by a physician - phlebologist are taken into account the particularities of the disease, medical anamnesis, prognosis of the disease, the likelihood of complications.
In addition to the functional problems associated with varicose veins, there is also an aesthetic problem. The main outward sign of varicose veins is the expansion of saphenous veins with the formation of varicose veins or small intradermal vessels. Therefore, recent times received widespread the aesthetic phlebology.
Aesthetic phlebologyprovides a full range of cosmetic services associated with varicose veins and the prevention of venous diseases of the lower extremities. As a result of the joint work of Phlebology and cosmetologists have been developed individual complex programs.
Among such procedures - micro-thermocoagulation - a highly effective method of treatment of patients with multiple vascular asterisks, unique hardware and lymphatic drainage massage, cryogenic wraps, masks, and so forth.
The functions of Aesthetic Phlebology include the elimination of symptoms associated with varicose disease: hyperpigmentation, dryness and reduced of skin tone, swelling, minutest capillaries, subcutaneous hematoma.
It is very important to understand that in forces to of each person to significantly reduce the probability of occurrence and development of varicose veins and other venous diseases. This is achieved by correction of lifestyle and work. The main objective in this case is to reduce load on the venous system and exclusion provoking factors.