Pediatric Allergy and Immunology focuses on the early detection of allergies and other immune diseases, to as early as possible pick up an individual program of correction immunity. more
Problems with immunity in children can be caused by a variety of very different reasons, such as infections transmitted by airborne droplets. Children's doctors immunologists consider the full range of external factors that have an impact on the child.
A visit to a kindergarten, natural periods of recession of immunity, stress - all this experts take into account along with the results of immunological studies. To diagnose the state of the immune system of the child is used:
Identification of antibodies;
Cytochemical study of state health.
Specialists in Pediatric Immunology and Allergy spend allergy prevention, starting with pregnancy, give recommendations on the correct breastfeeding of the newborn. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology is engaged in treatment and prevention of asthma, allergies (hives, rhinitis, allergic diseases of the skin and gastrointestinal tract).
Tasks of an Allergy and Immunology
Development and implementation of specialized immunotherapy;
Diagnosis of secondary immunodeficiency;
Counseling in the treatment of cutaneous manifestations of allergies;
Selection of immunomodulators.
Allergies in children may appear in the first months of life, especially if the baby is bottle-fed. Many young mothers are worried what to do if your child has diathesis, allergy. In fact, diathesis - not a children's allergies, and is a predisposition. Diathesis - a signal that the child may become seriously ill, and now need to show allergist to subsequently not treat allergic urticaria or asthma in place diathesis.
Experienced allergist can help determine the reasons causing allergic diseases in children: animal dander, house dust, food, pollen, chemical substances or other allergens.
The exact method of identify the cause of allergies is the definition of specific Ig E to various allergens. Research carried immunoblotting, that allows to in one patient determine the presence of antibodies to a large number allergens of different origin.
The exact determination of the cause of the disease - this is the most important step to his treatment.
There is another big area that covers Pediatric immunology - vaccination. They cause the development of protective immunity as a specific response to infection. In some cases, the vaccine requires of the preparation a child, need a clear knowledge and compliance with the calendar, should take into account comorbidities.