Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that studies the causes and mechanisms of development of the pathology of the vision, as well as the entire adnexa, including the eye socket, lacrimal sac, lacrimal glands, nasolacrimal duct and the surrounding tissues. more
The aim of ophthalmology is to develop methods accurate diagnosis, effective treatment and effective prevention of eye pathologies. Which ultimately should lead to a full-fledged preservation of visual function into old age.
Eye diseases: Causes and Symptoms
The reasons which have entailed the deterioration of visual acuity are:
physical tension of the eye muscles and nerves,
stress, psychic and mental stress,
head and neck injuries,
incorrect operation of the intestine,
physiological features of view,
genetic predisposition, polluted ecology.
The majority of Eye Diseases characterized by certain Symptoms:
Chronic conjunctivitis and corneal pathology - the severity of the eyelids, eye discomfort;
Acute conjunctivitis - red eyes, bonding century after sleep combined with secretions from the eyes, without reducing visual acuity;
The defeat of the cornea - profuse watery eyes, spasm of the eyelids, photophobia;
Dry eye syndrome - a violation of the natural moisture level of the mucous. It is accompanied by pain in the eyes, photophobia, redness, feeling of dryness;
Diseases of the retina and optic nerve.
Diagnosis and treatment ofeye diseases
Modern methods of ophthalmology allow to detect eye disease at an early stage, to carry out a complex of preventive of activities, to appoint effective treatment of diseases of the eye, using both physiotherapeutic and pharmacological as well as surgical methods of influence.
Depending on the type of disease apply various methods of treatment of eye diseases. These include: laser vision correction, the selection of glasses and contact lenses in case of violation of view surgical operations, etc.