Geriatric psychiatry, or psychiatry of old age, is a specialization of psychiatry, dealing with the study, prevention and treatment of mental disorders in humans with old age more
In old age, with people happens a number of changes, of which the most common:
• Reduction of well-being, self-esteem, a sense of inferiority, insecurity, dissatisfaction;
• Dominated by disturbing fear: loneliness, helplessness, poverty, death;
• Moodiness, irritability, pessimism, constant feelings of the past;
• Weakening of control over their reactions, loss of attention and memory.
However, we know that many people to old age retain their personal characteristics and creative possibilities. Note that the degree of regression of memory and intellect depends on the initial quality of these functions at a young age, as well as exercises in their lifetime.
Basic psychopathological syndromes:
1. Affective Disorder 2. Delusional Disorder 3. The states of dementia 4. Disorders of consciousness
The Clinical Featuresof Depression
In old age, depression is is more often observed with prevalence alarming of anguish, suspense, anxiety.
Often accompanied by a state of guilt, self-blame, devastation, impoverishment. Often there hypochondriac delirium, reaching the level of delusion Cotard (think that they have inoperable cancer, a tumor).
Suicidal Tendencies such patients are very dangerous, because there is no psychomotor retardation, patients carefully think through the way of suicide, which is then completely unexpected to others.
Quite often there are multiple senesthopathia that leads to hypochondrial. Depression are often wear protracted nature and last for years and are difficult to treat with antidepressants. Sometimes it is necessary use ECT.
In accordance with the etiology and pathology, dementia are divided into 3 groups:
1. Dementia of the Alzheimer type. It is the most common type of dementia. Most suffer a woman. At the basis - diffuse cortical atrophy, with mainly affecting of the temporal and parietal lobes. Perhaps early (45-65 years) and late onset (65 years).
Symptoms: memory loss, impaired spatial orientation, intelligence, disorders instincts, emotions, the total dementia.
2. Multi-infarct dementia. Due to multiple infarcts in the brain. Is developing by the cerebral atherosclerosis. It is more common in men. The average age of 50-65 years.