Eye Care: A Summary About Nearsightedness

Eye Care: A Summary About Nearsightedness

| |  Ophthalmology

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Nearsightedness is a condition that's experienced by many people. This eye problem can be addressed using various strategies which is certainly a relief. Seeing things from a distance can be extremely challenging for individuals who have this sort of eye condition. However, when it comes to focusing on things which are close, those who have this kind of eye disorder have no problem doing so. There are mild, medium as well as critical myopia. When they're trying to have a look at objects from a far, individuals who have this sort of eye disorder may frown or even squint. This disorder isn't perceived as an illness but rather as a deviation from what should be normal to the eyes.

This kind of eye disorder can be brought on by specific factors. A person who is struggling with myopia has a refractive error. The refractive error is caused by the wrong bending of the light rays into the eyes of the affected person. Those who have this eye disorder possess a long eyeball or too much curvature in their cornea. This causes the light that gets into the eyes to be improperly focused. For all those with healthy vision, light focuses directly on the retina. But, the light has its focus in front of the retina thus resulting in the blurry vision when focusing on faraway things.

This eye disorder also has its very own symptoms. People who have this kind of eye condition experience blurry vision when looking at things from a far. If you don't have issues reading small prints but have a hard time seeing things from a distance, then you probably have this kind of eye problem. You'll notice that writings on the board, visuals on a movie screen or even in the television may be difficult to see. In most cases, individuals who have this type of eye problem perform poorly in class, sports and even at the job if undiagnosed and left untreated.

Individuals who have this problem could go through refractive surgery or use eyeglasses or contact lenses. How frequently you put on eye glasses or contact lenses depends on the severity of your myopia. You will have to use it all the time if your condition is severe. If it isn't that serious then you may just need to wear when focusing on faraway things like if you are driving a car.

The first number or the sphere on your eyeglasses or contact lenses prescription will be preceded with a negative sign. You're considered to have a critical case of myopia if the sphere in your prescription is higher. An excimer laser is used during a refractive surgery, which is another option to deal with myopia. The need to put on a pair of glasses or contact lenses could be increased or lowered with this method.

There are several surgeries that can be done. In PRK, the laser used during the procedure can take out a layer of corneal tissue. The laser will then force the cornea to flatten hence, letting the light rays to be more precisely focused on the retina. With regards to LASIK, it is deemed to be the most common refractive method. The flap on the surface of the cornea is formed with this type of method. This is accomplished by taking away some tissue of the cornea and returning the taken out flap back to its initial position.

There is an increasing number of individuals who are now choosing to have their nearsightedness managed. There are likewise many ways of controlling the development of this type of eye disorder especially among children based on several findings. Using bifocals, gas permeable contact lenses and progressive lenses are a few of these techniques. There were a lot of results obtained. Experts have found that great results were obtained from having the children put on specific contact lenses with dual focus. There was a significant decrease of 30% in the development of the condition of kids who wear this type of specific lenses when compared with those who do not.

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