What Are Kidney Stones? What Causes Kidney Stones?

What Are Kidney Stones? What Causes Kidney Stones?

| |  Nephrology

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Kidney stones are small, typically is made up of calcium crystals that form in the kidneys that collects urine.

Stone is often unnoticed unless drops into the ureter (the tube muscular exiting the kidney to the bladder), whereby the locking element which prevents the drainage of urine from the kidneys and therefore often causes severe pain.

One of the key roles of the kidneys to eliminate waste of the organism by producing urine and blood filtering. Drains urine from the kidney to the bladder down through the tube called the urinary tract, which connects them together. Empties the bladder through the urethra, the tube much wider than the lower ureter.

Various chemicals and minerals are excreted in the urine, and sometimes they come together in order to initiate the formation of kidney stones. Over a period of time, the stone may develop from a single speck of sand that is as large as an inch in diameter or even larger.

There are various names kidney stones based on their location:

€ Account: Stone in the body, usually in the kidneys, bladder, or gallbladder.
€ Ureterolith: Stone inside the tube of the ureter
€ Nephrolith - stone inside the kidney
€ Wraith: Stone staying anywhere in the urinary tract

What causes kidney stones

This is not actually understood why kidney stones occur in some people and not in others. Typically, in order to stone development is necessary in order to allow the condensed urine minerals such as calcium to himself closer to each other.

Changes in urine pH balance and its level of concentration and concentration levels of chemicals and minerals in the urine are all influencing factors that can determine the start of the kidney stone.

Crystals can literally make of stone and eventually get big enough to start causing physical problems. Concentrated or condensed urine is usually due to dehydration, which allows the right conditions for a stone to start forming.

The result of this stone, when it becomes large enough to produce obstacles, it can take weeks, months or even years down the road.

Who is more likely to develop kidney stones?

Over 80% of all people suffering from kidney stones are men. There is also a genetic factor in the game is also a tendency in families, especially those who have difficulty metabolizing chemicals such as uric acid, oxalate and cysteine.

Geographically speaking, the United States has a "stone" that the straps can contribute to the formation of kidney stones. There are two lanes - one in the northern region and one in the south.

The hot climate of the south may be the culprit for the comparative dehydration, especially in people who do not drink enough water or fluids in general.

For people who are already predisposed to the development of stones, a diet too rich in calcium can increase the number and frequency of kidney stone formation as well.

Although a diet rich in calcium may or may not be a risk factor, excess of vitamin D may be linked with an increased risk of calcium renal stone.

Other basic medical disorders may also be associated with forming stones, including hyperparathyroidism, cystic fibrosis, inflammatory bowel disease, Medullary sponge kidney and renal tubular acidosis.

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