Nature of the work
A neurologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of disease or impaired function of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, muscles, and autonomic nervous system, as well as the blood vessels that relate to these structures.
Neurologists can receive training in the following subspecialties:
- Clinical Neurophysiology- A neurologist who specializes in the diagnosis and management of central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous system disorders using a combination of clinical evaluation and electrophysiologic testing such as electroencephalography (EEG), electromyography (EMG), and nerve conduction studies (NCS), among others.
- Hospice and Palliative Medicine - prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illness.
- Neurodevelopmental Disabilities - diagnoses and manages chronic conditions that affect the developing and mature nervous system such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation and chronic behavioral syndromes or neurologic conditions.
- Neuromuscular Medicine - diagnoses and manages of disorder of nerves, muscle or neuromuscular junction.
- Pain Medicine - provides a high level of care, either as a primary physician or consultant, for patients experiencing problems with acute, chronic or cancer pain in both hospital and ambulatory settings.
- Sleep Medicine - diagnoses and manages of clinical conditions that occur during sleep, that disturb sleep or that are affected by disturbances in the wake-sleep cycle.
- Vascular Neurology - evaluates, prevents, treats and recovers from vascular diseases of the nervous system.
The residency training program for neurology is four years. Certification in any of the subspecialties requires an additional one to three years of training.
Median compensation for assistant professors is $408,000, and for associate and full professors the median is $487,000.