Nature of the work
A physician who specializes in Emergency Medicine focuses on the immediate decision making and action necessary to prevent death or any further disability both in the pre-hospital setting by directing emergency medical technicians and in the emergency department. The emergency physician provides immediate recognition, evaluation, care, stabilization and disposition of a generally diversified population of adult and pediatric patients in response to acute illness and injury.
Emergency Medicine physicians can receive training in the following subspecialties:
- Hospice and Palliative Medicine - prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses.
- Medical Toxicology - uses special knowledge to evaluate and manage patients with accidental or purposeful poisoning through drugs or toxins.
- Pediatric Emergency Medicine - has special qualifications to manage emergencies in infants and children.
- Sports Medicine - deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in athletic endeavors.
- Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine - treats decompression illness and diving accident cases.
The residency training program for emergency medicine is three years. Additional training from 1-2 years is required to be certified in the subspecialty areas.
The annual salary for emergency medicine physicians ranges from $239,000 to $316,296.