Nature of the work
An anesthesiologist is trained to provide pain relief and maintenance or restoration of a stable condition during and immediately following an operation or an obstetric or diagnostic procedure. The anesthesiologist assesses the risk of the patient undergoing surgery and optimizes the patient's condition prior to, during, and after surgery. In addition to these management responsibilities, the anesthesiologist provides medical management and consultation in pain management and critical care medicine. Anesthesiologists diagnose and treat acute, long-standing and cancer pain problems, diagnose and treat patients with critical illnesses or severe injuries and direct resuscitation in the care of patients with cardiac or respiratory emergencies, including the need for artificial ventilation, and supervise post anesthesia recovery.
Anesthesiologists can receive training in the following subspecialties:
The residency training program for anesthesiology is four years. Fellowships in an anesthesia subspecialty and in education or research may also be taken for an additional year.
The annual salary for anesthesiologists ranges from $331,000 to $423,507.